Seedling Production – Seeds should be sown in seedling trays and are ready for transplanting into the field at 10 to 14 days after sowing. When trays are used, the seedlings should be watered weekly with soluble fertilizer. Seeds can also be sown directly in the field and covered with cups until germination.
Soil and Land Preparation – The land should be harrowed to a medium fine tilth. It should be weed free and clean. Seedlings can be transplanted flat or on ridges (banks).
Planting and Weed control –Seedlings are ready for transplanting at about 2 weeks after sowing. A spacing of 4feet by 3 feet is recommended. If after land preparation or after transplanting young weeds begin growing, Gramaxone can be sprayed for control. The plants should first be covered to avoid herbicide drift. Fustilade or Nabu can be used for control of grass weeds.
Fertilizer- Apply NPK at one week after transplanting giving about 1 oz. per plant (200 – 300 lbs.\acre). At initial fruit set, a side dressing or Sulphate of Ammonia at 1 oz. per plant (200 – 300 lbs\acre) can be applied.
Mulching – Plants should be mulched with plant material e.g. guinea grass after NPK application. Plastic mulch can also be applied before transplanting.
|Insect and Disease||Control|
|Melon Worm||New Mectin 5ml\4gal; Decis 5ml\gal; Karate 3 ml\gal|
|White Flies||Actara 2.5 g\ gal; Attack 3-5 ml\gal|
|Aphids||Decis 3ml\gal; Karate 3 ml\gal|
|Gummy stem Blight||Mankocide or Phython – 27 at 1 – 2 tsp. \gal|
|Downy mildew||Mankocide or Phython – 27 at 1 – 2 tsp. \gal|
When the stem cracks around the fruit it is ready for harvest. When the stem separates, the cantaloupe fruit has achieved its maximum sugar development and if not consumed or cooled immediately its quality will deteriorate.
|Variety||Time to harvest (days after transplanting)||Harvest period (weeks)||Yield range|
|Sun||60-65||2||10-15,000 lbs \ac|